The Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) is a standardized test tailored for non-native English speakers who wish to apply to English-speaking universities. The test, which is available as online (iBT) is also provided on paper. The test is separated into four (4) sections, focusing on language used in academic environments: Reading, listening, speaking, and writing. Although paper tests are less common these days, the four sections are revised as follows: Listening, structure and written expression, reading comprehension and writing.
The TOEFL iBT test is valued from a score between 0 to 120 points. Each university has their own requirement of the level of English fluency, with some schools accepting students with little to no experience to those who only accept well-versed, near fluent students. Students are not allowed to take the test more than once in a 12-day period.
Visit the Official TOEFL Site for more information.